Tuesday, December 22, 2009

IDPs- Internally Displaced Peoples

According to a report by Norwegian organization named Refugee Council, 2 lakhs people were displaced from their home due to the decade long arm conflict between CPN (Maoist) and the government, in Nepal. They are called Internally Displaced Peoples (IDPs). Armed conflict which was started on February 14th 1994 by the CPN (Maoist) ended on November 21st 2006 with the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) between CPN (Maoist) and the Government of Nepal. Three years have passed since the CPA was signed but the IDPs are still having difficulty in returning to their home. This has been a blatant violation of CPA, clause 5.2.4 which states, “Both sides [to the agreement] agree, to maintain the peace in the society normalizing adverse situation occurred by the reason of the armed conflict and to carry out relief work for, and to rehabilitate people victimized and displaced by the war to constitute a National Peace and Rehabilitation Commission to perform the business related to it.”

The CPA which made possible the end of 240 years long Shah Kings’ reign peacefully through the historic Constitutional Assembly election is not being able solve the problem of IDPs. How can this be justified? The main reason of the problems including the one of IDPs, is the increasing rift between the political parties especially after the Maoist party stepped down from the government citing the President ‘unconstitutional’ move to reinstate sacked Army Chief Rookmangud Katwal.

More recently Maoist has started capturing the land of people in the style they used to follow in the conflict period. These acts of Maoist are a clear breach of CPA and will only lead the country towards civil war. The capturing of land of people will again raise the number of IDPs and their protest. IDPs are already having a very hard time. Out of Prachanda’s assurance to let them go back to their native place they have been empty handed because the leaders at local level are not ready to leave the properties they captured during the decade long conflict. The local leaders claim, ‘the capturing was done by the general people and can’t be returned’. IDPs are finding it hard to send their children to school for education because the only way of thier livelihood is the daily labor. Most of the fundamental rights of these people are at stake due to the conflict between the major political parties.

The only way out from the problem Nepal is facing can be a bond of understanding between the political parties. All the political parties in the ends of a path must travel an equal distance to meet in the middle. The parties may have different ideologies to fight for but it’s time to unite in the name of the country and people. In case of IDPs also a understanding must be reached otherwise end of one bloody conflict may sow seed for another conflict of the same kind.

1 comment:

Anonymous said...

Keep posting stuff like this i really like it.